History of Cetinje

The emergence of Cetinje, have caused historical – political and social – economic conditions in the fifteenth century. Conquerors visited the Turks forced onovremenog lord of Zeta, Ivana Crnojevich, to its state of the Zeta plain, the fortified town of Zabljak, move to inaccessible areas, first at the rim of the 1475th years, and then even deeper into the hills at the foot of Mount Lovcen.
In Cetinje field 1482nd The Ivan Crnojević lifted himself a court, and two years later built a monastery. The construction of the palace and monastery founded a new capital named Cetinje. The newly built monastery Ivan Crnojević conveyed Zeta metropolis and seat, so that Cetinje, in addition to the secular, and became a spiritual center where Ivan's son Đurđe Crnojević established the first state printing house in the Slavic South, so. Crnojevića printing.
The sudden rise of Cetinje under CRNOJEVIĆA terminated at the end of the fifteenth century, because Zeta 1499th had lost its independence, so that the only free part of the country, which has since then started calling Montenegro, was reduced to the rocky area between the river and the Bay of Kotor Crnojevića.
Crnojevića disappearance as a builder of a new spirit, Cetinje in the next two centuries in its development stagnates. Torn between Venice and Turkey, are often attacked by invaders, Cetinje during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries were exposed to severe trials. This would hurt the palace and monastery Crnojevića. Only since the end of the seventeenth century, the 1697th when he was elected to the Cetinje Metropolitan Danilo Petrovic, founder of the dynasty Petrovic, who will rightly hereditary power to rule over the next two centuries'm burning, Cetinje starts to grow and urbanization.
Danilo and his successors, preoccupied with keeping the liberation wars and strengthening the unity of the state, did not have enough time to commit to building a dedicated Cetinje. It remains to be in the development of significant progress during the experience of Petar II Petrovic Njegos, who 1938th The new royal residence built – Biljarda. The city is increased by building new houses, which gradually leads to its urbanization.
During Njegoš successor Danilo Petrovic, Montenegro 1852nd proclaimed the Principality and Daniel Prince, which gives a new impulse to the development of the city.
Linear momentum Cetinje will experience only during the rule of Prince Nikola I Petrovic. Then he built a number of public buildings, including the first in 1864. raised “Lokanda,” the first hotel, then the 1867th New Prince's Palace, the building's maiden institutes, hospitals and so on. By recognizing Montenegro's independence, decision of the Berlin congress in 1878. The Cetinje will be in the true sense of the state capital of Europe with all the relevant attributes. The establishment of diplomatic relations with a number of European countries in Cetinje modern buildings were built to accommodate offices. Among them stand out of the building by its architecture French, Russian, English, Italian and Austro-Hungarian Embassy.
Proclamation of the Kingdom of Montenegro 1910th was also strongly influenced the further development of its capital. Raises the symbol of state power, the monumental building – the Government House.
On the whole, in the period since 1878. and 1914. years, until the First World War, Cetinje has undergone full – urban population boom. Come to Cetinje and have stayed at many prominent intellectuals from other South Slavic regions, which contribute significantly to unraveling the cultural – educational, health and overall life of the capital and the whole state.
In the period between the two World Wars, Cetinje is the seat of the Zeta Banovina significantly improved and expanded territorially. However, when the decision of the People's Republic of Montenegro 1946th The seat of government for the administration and the administration is determined Titograd.
Cetinje has survived for many years in the development of a serious crisis. The construction of certain industries, with serious neglect of the development of traditional and potentially possible cultural – educational and tourist functions – reception capacities, the city has managed to create a broader and more reliable basis for faster and more solid socio – economic prosperity.
Restoring Cetinje, Montenegro's capital attribute the Constitution of the Republic of Montenegro, he was again open perspectives for further development.


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